HISTORY OF BOLSENA LAKE
History of Lake Bolsena
Lake Bolsena is located in the Lazio Maremma in the province of Viterbo and with its over 115 square km of width it is the largest basin of volcanic origin in Italy. Surrounded for the most part by the Volsini mountains, Lake Bolsena has a picturesque and wild aspect that attracts thousands of people every year who choose it as a destination for their holidays. The history of this reservoir is closely connected to the populations who inhabited it, in fact the territory that surrounds its perimeter which reaches 43 km in extension is rich in suggestive villages and many archaeological historical sites that testify to its antiquity. Furthermore, in the center of the lake, there are two small islands that take the name of: Martana island and Bisentina island which rise a few hundred meters from the coast.
Bolsena is part of the Vulsino volcanic system which was originally characterized by seven craters. Following a violent explosion, the volcano collapsed on itself thus creating a caldera which over the centuries has covered itself with water, forming the basin. In the Latera basin and along the rugged coast of the Bisentina island there are still traces of the original volcanic craters. On the shores of Bolsena there are five villages all with a typically medieval appearance, each of which has a particular history that still lives on today in popular traditions. The lake represents one of the main economic resources for the whole of Tuscia. From activities related to fishing, to tourism, the presence of the lake has made this land great by donating the raw materials that represent the gastronomic identity of this place.